Recent research using an artificial intestine or human gut simulator has found that switching from a balanced diet to a high-fat, no-carb diet (Keto diet) increased strains of bacteria that metabolise fatty acids and lowered the number of bacteria such as Bacteroides, Clostridium, and Roseburia which break down protein and carbohydrates.
Reducing the diversity in our microbiome can reduce the production of Keto Dietshort chain fatty acids (SCFA) which have anti-inflammatory properties as well as playing a role in reducing our risk of colon cancer.
Recent research has also found that consuming a keto diet can increase the number of sulphate-reducing bacteria which has been associated with an increase in inflammation of the bowel and can possibly lead to inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis.
Read the full study here
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